Posts Tagged ‘Brain Injury’

Unraveling the `black box of physical rehabilitation’

How to support professionals to better understand the effective components of inpatient and outpatient physical rehabilitation programmes after acquired brain injury. In addition how out-patient group rehabilitation programmes  and physical and occupational therapy gives brain injury patients the tools they need to change their everyday lives and integrate new routines and habits that contribute to improvements in their everyday lives. These points are discussed by Lexell EM et al. from Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Skåne University Hospital , Lund , Sweden in Brain Injury, 05/07/2013.

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Resting-State fMRI pinpoints changes in brain organization after TBI

Evidence from functional MRI findings show the traumatic effect on brain network function of traumatic brain injury (tbi). Writing in Neurology, 04/26/2013 Zhou Y et al. from New York University Langone Medical Center, New York.USA report that RS-fMRI shows a variety of changes in subjects after mild TBI that may be responsible for both physical deficits and behavioral symptoms following traumatic brain injury.

Patient functioning after traumatic brain injury

Laxe S et al. disucuss International Classification on Functioning in Brain Injury, 05/01/2013.

The group from Brain Injury Unit, Institut Guttmann-Universitat Autónoma de Barcelona Spain report on the use of 23 Brief Core Sets within the International Classification on Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) as a basic international standard for the multidisciplinary assessment of a TBI patient’s functioning.

 

Predicting outcome after traumatic brain injury (TBI)

Working at the Keck Medical Center of University of Southern California and the Keck Hospital, Dr. Singh et al write up in Brain Injury, 04/04/2013 their findings on the predictive power of the Simplified Motor Score (SMS) and Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) in predicting outcomes in patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI).

 

Average length of inpatient stay following tbi

According to Dr. Kim of Department of Occupational Therapy, College of Rehabilitation Sciences, Daegu University , Republic of Korea, the average length of inpatient stay for traumatic brain injury (tbi) in Korea is 51 days.

This data was quoted in research in Brain Injury, 03/20/2013 where her group discussed reasons for patient discharge against medical advice from brain injury inpatient rehabilitation.

 

Warrior Transition Unit – WTU and tbi

The Warrior Transition Unit – WTU have physicans and physical and occupational therapists that specialize in individualized rehabilitation that ensure that soldiers with – traumatic brain injury –  tbi regain the best possible functional ability post injury. Examples are that some patients may need vestibule rehab for balance, others speech, or occupational therapy, however all treatment is planned to daily living activities and quality of life. The military began implementing the Automated Nueropsychological Assessment Metric or ANAM, in 2008. This is a computer-based cognitive assessment tool that aids early brain injury identification.

Improving participation in adult TBI

Writing in Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Dr. Brasure M et al from Minnesota Evidence-based Practice Center, University of Minnesota USA and the Center for Chronic Disease Outcomes Research as well as the Minneapolis VA Health Care System discuss participation after Multidisciplinary Rehabilitation for Moderate to Severe Traumatic Brain Injury in Adults. A systemic review of the literature that used participation–related outcomes in adults with movement impairments due to moderate to severe traumatic brain injury – TBI did not show differences in the comparative effectiveness in multidisciplinary rehabilitation programs for impairments.