Movement impairment after cervical spinal cord injuries (SCI).

Writing in Neurol Sci. (neurological sciences) 2013 Feb Dr. Figueiredo N and team from Medical School, Federal University of Mato Grosso, UFMT, Brazil discuss nomenclature used to describe motor impairments caused by cervical spinal cord injuries (SCI).

Patients presenting lower cervical SCI with total loss of the motor voluntary movements of their lower trunk and inferior limbs (lower extremtiy) and partial upper limb (upper extremtiy) movement impairment with varied movement ability of the proximal upper limb can be described using a number of terms including tetraplegia, quadriplegia, quadriparesis, tetraparesis, or incomplete quadriplegia or incomplete tetraplegia. The authors however recommend that the movement impairment is better described as paraplegia with brachial diparesis or brachila Diplegia. Paraplegia as the movement impairment is present on both sides the body and the arm movement impairment being described as brachial – the principal nerves of the shoulder and upper limb and diplegia – affecting both sides of the body to the same level.

 

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