Post ACL Surgery Rehabilitation Study

Charles P. Vega, MD, FAAFP , Washington University School of Medicine authored a study of  anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) rehabilitation strategies after surgery. The study was posted on  October26, 2012.
The anterior  cruciate ligament (ACL) is  one of the four major ligaments of the human knee.
There are about 80,000 ACL  injuries in the United States each year, according to a review by Waters (J Orthop Sports Phys Ther. 2012). These injuries are quite common among basketball players, with female players more frequently injured than male players. Also, more than half of basketball players who undergo ACL reconstruction may suffer either a tear of the ACL graft or a tear of the ACL of the contralateral knee within 5 years.
Because of the widespread nature of ACL injuries and reconstructive surgery, understanding the best practice for rehabilitation of patients after ACL reconstruction is critical.
The cornerstone of postoperative ACL rehabilitation is Range-Of-Motion, strengthening, and functional exercises. Bracing following ACL reconstruction has been found to be neither necessary nor beneficial,  did not improve pain or knee laxity and just adds to the cost of the procedure.
It is crucial for ACL surgery patients  to begin physical therapy early and rigorously. Although it can be difficult at first, it’s worth it in terms of returning to sports as well as  other activities according to  Rick W. Wright, MD, also from the Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Washington University School of Medicine.
The following are some of the results of the study:
On the basis of limited research, immediate postoperative weight-bearing, range-of-motion exercises from 0° to 90° of flexion, and closed-chain strengthening exercises after ACL reconstruction appear safe.
Eccentric quadriceps strengthening and isokinetic hamstring strengthening at 3 weeks after ACL surgery may improve strength more rapidly.
Home rehabilitation regimens can be very effective even though  there are limited data to support this conclusion.
Vitamin C and E supplements do not appear effective in helping patients after ACL reconstruction.
Hyaluronic acid injections to the knee administered 8 weeks post surgery may improve ambulatory speed and muscle torque.
Single-leg cycling can improve cardiovascular fitness after ACL reconstruction.
For post operative limb surgery such as ACL repair the most effective physical therapy solution should be incorporated into the rehabilitation program.
The recently developed LEGTUTOR by MEDITOUCH is one such product. The LEGTUTOR consists of a safe comfortable leg brace with position and speed sensors that precisely record three dimensional hip and knee movements. The LEGTUTOR has a range motion limiter that can limit the dynamic range of knee extension and flexion. Rehabilitation games allow the patient to exercise Range Of Motion, speed and accuracy of movement. The LEGTUTOR facilitates evaluation and treatment of the lower extremity including isolated and combined hip and knee movements.
Currently in use in leading U.S. and European hospitals and clinics the LEGTUTOR together with its sister devices (HANDTUTOR, ARMTUTOR and 3DTUTOR) are fully certified by the FDA and CE and can be used at the patient’s home through telerehabilitation.
See WWW.MEDITOUCH.CO.IL for further information.
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