New Stroke Treatment Uses Electrodes

In a lecture given in October 2012 for the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, Bethesda, MD Nanosymposium,  L.G. Cohen discusses how, “Brain Stimulation Methods May Improve Recovery from Stroke”.

About one third of all stroke patients are disabled for the long term and have mobility problems. The treatment of choice has been exercise and physical therapy. Studies have shown that with those methods the brain is reorganized and brain tissue forms new connections into deeper brain regions.
 Research is ongoing by Cohen and others to investigate how this stimulation can enhance compensatory changes. In a method called ”transcranial direct current stimulation” (tDCS), electrodes are placed over the scalp and send electrical currents directly to the brain. There have been some preliminary studies showing that such treatment can make small improvements in mobility.
In addition to these new methods stroke patients can avail themselves of state of the art physical therapy products such as the ARMTUTOR and HANDTUTOR. The TUTOR system (which includes a LEGTUTOR and 3DTUTOR) has  become a key system in neuromuscular rehabilitation for stroke victims and also those recovering from brain and spinal injuries, Parkinson’s, MS, CP and other limb movement limitations.
These innovative devices implement an impairment based program with augmented motion feedback that encourages motor learning through intensive active exercises and movement practice. The TUTORs consist of wearable glove and braces that detect limb movement showing the patient how much active or assisted active movement they are actually doing.
The rehabilitation software uses special rehabilitation games to set a new target for this movement in terms of the patient’s ability to move their limb. The devices then measure the limb movement and give feedback on the success of the patient in trying to gain this new movement objective.  In this  way the Tutor system provides exercises that are challenging and motivating and allow for repetitive and intensive exercise practice.
The TUTORs are now part of the rehabilitation program of leading U.S. German, Italian, French, UK and other foreign hospitals. They are available for adults and children from the age of 5 and are fully certified by the FDA and CE. They are also used in the patient’s home via telerehabilitation. See WWW.MEDITOUCH.CO.IL for more information.



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