Is There a Connection Between Conscientiousness and Injury?

There seems to be a direct correlation between the world of sport and the human spirit. Since the need to reproduce is a part of human nature  it is natural to have a drive to increase fitness and thereby protect one’s ability to reproduce. This manifests itself in a physiological way as well as in a psychological way. It exists in many individuals but the degree varies. People who are high risk takers have a lower level of self preservation.
Personality indicators usually consist of five areas. Extraversion, Neuroticism, Agreeableness, Openess and Conscientiousness. This article will concentrate on the latter trait.
Conscientiousness consists of persistance, organization, motivation and behavior that is goal directed. The opposite character may be the one that is lazy and sloppy. So do conscientious people have more or less sports injuries than those who are not that fastidious? Studies have shown that conscientiousness is not the only factor in a personality affecting injury. Over-activity, emotional instability, impulsiveness  and aggressiveness in children are additional factors that can affect injury occurrence. Conscientiousness consists of four main traits. Orderliness, hard work, self control and conformity. All these determine the degree of conscientiousness that the individual has.
Self control is probably the most important and relevant of the traits. This individual will keep his belongings in order and neat and clean. He will do his various tasks on time and he will work towards his intended goals. These can be called General Conscientiousness. Such individuals will prevent injuries by stretching before and after exercises, wear  helmets, switch off electrical appliances, apply sunscreen, check smoke alarm batteries etc. These injury prevention behaviors are tied in to an individuals self control and hard work.
In a research study it was found that children who grow up with more parental supervision have more injury prevention traits than those that have less supervision i.e. that conscientiousness may not be genetic but rather may depend on nature and nurture. An additional study found that children who grew up with a lower level of conscientiousness experienced more injuries than those whose level was higher. Goal setting and following rules and regulations can definitely be traced to a lower injury rate. A further study showed a correlation between a high level of conscientiousness and a lower rate of automobile accidents.
When injury occurs and, unfortunately, causes a limb to be semi paralyzed or disabled the most effective physical therapy products should be used. Such a product is the HANDTUTOR, LEGTUTOR or ARMTUTOR.
These physical therapy products have been developed to allow for functional rehabilitation of the upper or lower extremities including the shoulder, elbow, wrist, leg, knee or hip. The system consists of an ergonomic wearable glove or brace together with dedicated rehabilitation software. The TUTOR system allows the physical and occupational therapists to report on and evaluate the patient’s functional rehabilitation progress and allows them  to prescribe the correct customized and motivating intensive exercise practice to the manual rehabilitation therapy.
Intensive repetition of movement is achieved through  challenging games set to the patient’s  ability. The system provides detailed exercise performance instructions and precise feedback of the patient’s efforts. Controlled exercise of multijoints within the normal movement pattern prevents the development of undesired and compensatory joint movement and ensures better performance of functional tasks. Telerehabilitation allows the recovering patient to continue his physical therapy at home. The TUTOR system is used by many leading rehabilitation centers worldwide and has full FDA and CE certification. See WWW.MEDITOUCH.CO.IL for more information.



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