When did Physical Therapy Start– a Timeline History

 
Physical therapy not only cures various ailments of joints and bones by restoring and maintaining maximum movement and functionability it also contributes to the psychological, physical, emotional and social health of a person. But when and where did it start?
460 BC–The philosophers Hippocrates and Hector used water therapy (hydrotherapy) and massage to treat their patients.Now, fast forward to:
1884–Four British nurses formulated the Chartered Society of Physiotherapy soon emulated by other countries.
1913,4–The School of Physiotherapy of the University of Otago in New Zealand and Reed College in Portland, Oregon, USA were established. These were the  first higher education facilities that taught physical therapy.
1917-8–World War I produced many injured soldiers who benefited from this treatment so the industry grew. The system was then called ”rehabilitation therapy” and the people employed to administer it were called ”reconstruction aides”.Basically they were nurses who had additional training in physical education and massage therapy.
1921–A journal called ”PT Review” featured an article on physical therapy. Another organization called the ”American Women’s Physical Therapeutic Association” (later changed to American Physical Therapy Association–APTA) was established by Mary McMillan, a physical therapy aide. She became known as ”the mother of physical therapy”.
 1924–The Geogia Warm Springs Foundation suggested that physical therapy be used in the treatment of polio. U.S. President F.D.Roosevelt was a polio victim and spent a lot of time in Warm Springs.
1940s–massage, exercise and traction became common treatments in the field of physiotherapy
1950s–British Commonweath countries began the practice of manipulative therapy for people suffering from spine and joint ailments and pain. It was during this decade that physical therapy began to be administered outside hospitals. Schools, universities, skilled nursing facilities and rehabilitation centers also administered these treatments.
 1974–doctors began specializing in physical therapy. APTA formed an Orthopedic Section for those specializing in Orthopedics. A new organization called  the ”International Federation of Orthopedic Manipulative Therapy” popularized manual therapy.
1980s–Medical science began using computers in the field of physiotherapy. Devices such as electrical stimulators were introduced which enhanced the treatment.
2008–The HANDTUTOR was created for hand, wrist and upper limb injury rehabilitation.
2011– additional TUTOR physical therapy products called the ARMTUTOR, LEGTUTOR and 3DTUTOR were devised to allow patient rehabilitation for other parts of the body affected by stroke, brain/spinal cord injuries, Parkinson’s, CP, MS and other upper and lower limb malfunctions.
These latest physical therapy products brought amazing results to the field of physiotherapy to help cure
 a number of disorders and injuries, ranging from  musculoskeletal and sports injuries to rehabilitation from hand, wrist, elbow, knee surgeries and Ulnar fractures in addition to other head, trunk, upper and lower extremity movement dysfunction.
The TUTOR system uses comfortable and ergonomically designed gloves and braces strategically placed on various limbs together with powerful dedicated software. The system consists of motivating and challenging games that allow the patient  to practice isolated and/or interjoint coordination exercises. These exercises are monitored by physical therapists who record and evaluate the patent’s progress and customize an exercise program for that particular patient.
The TUTORs are currently in use in leading U.S. and European hospitals and clinics and are available for home use through telerehabilitation. Designed to be used for children from the age of 5 and up as well as adults, the TUTORs are fully certified by the FDA and CE. See WWW.MEDITOUCH.CO.IL for more information.
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