Spinal Cord Injury Explained and an Excellent Remedy

Attorneys litigating cases that involve spinal cord injuries have to be very familiar with all the aspects of the spine. The spinal cord is known as the primary nerve center in the body and is composed of many nerve fibers  serving as pathways that transmit messages between the brain and all other parts of the body. Surrounding the spinal cord is  vertebrae which are bones that are stacked one above the other. There are 33 vertebraea that cover a 17 inch long cord.  

There are  4 sequential sections that make up the spinal cord: the cervicalthoracic, lumbar and sacral areas. In general  the cervical area controls movements and sensory perception of the head and neck, the upper extremities, and movement of the diaphragm; the thoracic area controls the chest and abdominal muscles; the lumbar area controls the lower extremities; and the sacral area controls the bladder, bowel,  and sexual function.

 Disease or trauma can damage the spinal cord. Traumatic injury occurs when the spinal cord is torn, bruised, compressed or swollen. Such injuries typically occur when the vertebrae column is damaged which causes pressure or direct impact on the spinal cord or adjacent nerve fibers. Disease, such as infections (meningitis) or autoimmune disorders ( multiple sclerosis), can cause inflammation, swelling or damage to the nerve cells of the spinal cord. In general, the higher the injury is on the spinal cord, the more debilitating its effects on the injured person. The damage is to the area below the injury.   Therefore,  an injury to the cervical spinal cord  will be more devastating than if the lumbar area was injured.

 Spinal cord injuries are either complete (full paralysis and loss of sensation and movement) or incomplete (partial paralysis or loss of sensation  and movement). A quadriplegic person is one who has lost full feeling and motion from the cervical area down. The former are  patients that are confined to a wheelchair and have loss of control of the bowel and bladder and run the risk for getting a host of associated problems, including bedsores, infections, and respiratory difficulties.

 Developments in the care and treatment of spinal cord injuries have resulted in a much greater return of function for patients with incomplete injuries and a much greater ability for patients with complete injuries to successfully adapt to their condition. Trial lawyers have to be in constant consultation with professionals that deal with spinal cord injuries so that they can be familiar enough to make a case for their clients.

 When incomplete paralysis occurs the physical therapy solution of choice is the TUTOR system., The recently developed HANDTUTOR and its sister devices (ARMTUTOR, LEGTUTOR, 3DTUTOR) have become a key system in neuromuscular rehabilitation for stroke victims and those recovering from brain and spinal injuries, Parkinson’s, MS, CP and other limb movement limitations. These innovative physical therapy products implement an impairment based program with augmented motion feedback that encourages motor learning through intensive active exercises and movement practice. The HANDTUTOR, ARMTUTOR, LEGTUTOR and 3DTUTOR consist of wearable glove and braces that detect limb movement showing the patient how much active or assisted active movement they are actually doing. The rehabilitation software uses special  games to set a new target for this movement in terms of the patient’s ability to move their affected limb. The devices then measure the limb movement and give feedback on the success of the patient in trying to gain this new movement objective. In this  way the TUTOR system provides exercises that are challenging and motivating and allow for repetitive and intensive exercise practice. The TUTORs are now part of the rehabilitation program of leading U.S. German, Italian, French, UK and other foreign hospitals. See WWW.MEDITOUCH.CO.IL for more information.

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