Parkinson’s disease – PD patients do not receive adequate treatment for musculoskeletal problems. This was the conclusion reached by Kim YE et al. from the Department of Neurology and Movement Disorder Center, Parkinson Study Group, Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul, Republic of Korea.
Posts Tagged ‘Health’
An estimated 16 million people worldwide experience first-time strokes each yea. Of these two-thirds of stroke patients are younger than 70 years of age. Stroke is therefore a leading cause of disability in adults with functional movement disability being caused by spasticity, cognitive impairment, paresis, and depression. Disabling spasticity is defined as spasticity that is severe enough to require intervention. This post-stroke spasticity occurs in 4% of stroke survivors within 1 year of first-time stroke. Post-stroke spasticity – PSS management and rehabilitation is discussed in Acta Neurologica Scandinavica, 05/07/2013 by Sunnerhagen KS et al. from the Institute of Neuroscience and Physiology – Section for Clinical Neuroscience and Rehabilitation, Gothenburg University, Göteborg, Sweden.
What is the impact of rehabilitative services in the lives of adults and children with disabilities and is their a relationship between amount of treatment and functional gains. This question was asked by Dr. Patel from St. Bartholomew’s Hospital , London , UK in Disability & Rehabilitation, 05/06/2013. Occupational therapy and physical therapy were the primary rehabilitation services received by patients across impairment groups. The authors failed to find enough evidence in the literature to answer these questions and concluded that better systematic reporting of type and quantity of rehabilitation therapies along with functional assessments is needed.
Evidence from functional MRI findings show the traumatic effect on brain network function of traumatic brain injury (tbi). Writing in Neurology, 04/26/2013 Zhou Y et al. from New York University Langone Medical Center, New York.USA report that RS-fMRI shows a variety of changes in subjects after mild TBI that may be responsible for both physical deficits and behavioral symptoms following traumatic brain injury.
Chronic pain syndromes after ischemic stroke and are associated with increased functional dependence and cognitive decline.
Telerehabilitation allows for the delivery of cognitive training post traumatic brain injury. Writing in Brain Injury, 05/01/2013 Ng EMW et al. from Toronto Rehabilitation Institute, University Health Network , Toronto, ON look at the delivery of the Cognitive Orientation to daily Occupational Performance approach (CO-OP) in a telerehabilitation format. Using the Outcome measures included the Canadian Occupational Performance Measure, the Mayo-Portland Adaptability Inventory-4 Participation Index, and the Dysexecutive Questionnaire the group conclude that Telerehabilitation can be used for addressing executive dysfunction after traumatic brain injury and may help promote community integration of individuals living with TBI.
Laxe S et al. disucuss International Classification on Functioning in Brain Injury, 05/01/2013.
Parkinson’s disease (PD) is associated with a massive loss of dopaminergic cells in the substantia nigra leading to dopamine hypofunction and alteration of the basal ganglia circuitry. Writing in Experimental Neurologydi Michele F et al from Fondazione Santa Lucia, Rome, Italy reviews the roles of Neurosteroids – NS acting as neuroprotectants and as GABAA receptor agonists in the physiology and pathophysiology of the basal ganglia. He looks at their impact on dopaminergic cell activity and survival. The review article then considers their potential therapeutic application in PD.