Posts Tagged ‘customized software’
A 52 year old woman, named Jan Scheuermann, ate chocolate after a brain operation. So what? One might ask. However this simple act made history because Jan is paralyzed from the neck down
Originally diagnosed with a degenerative brain disorder 13 years prior doctors implanted tiny electrodes in her brain which allowed her to operate a robotic arm.
Jan’s ultimate wish was to feed herself chocolate once the electrodes had been in place.
Doctors, led by Professor Andrew Schwartz of the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, applauded her feat.
The arm is a prosthetic controlled directly by the brain and this achievement marked a major step for people who are unable to move their own arms.
“Our study has shown us that it is technically feasible to restore ability and gives patients hope for the future”, said Dr. Schwartz.
The two microelectrodes were implanted into Jan’s left motor cortex. This is the part of the brain that initiates movement.
A scanning technique called ”functional magnetic resonance imaging” (fMRI) located the part of the brain that lights up when the patient is asked to think about moving her paralyzed arms.
The electrodes were connected to the robotic hand through a computer which ran an algorithm to translate the signals that imitates the way an unimpaired brain is able to control healthy limbs.
Decoding human motion has no limit now. It is quite complex when one works on parts like the hand for example, but once the desired motion is tapped how that motion will be effected has a wide range of possibilities according to the medical researchers.
For those brain injured patients that still have arm mobility the ARMTUTOR and HANDTUTOR offer an effective physical therapy solution.
The ARMTUTOR™ and HANDTUTOR systems have been developed to allow for functional rehabilitation of the upper extremity including the shoulder, elbow and wrist. The system consists of an ergonomic wearable glove and arm brace together with dedicated rehabilitation software. The ARMTUTOR™ and HANDTUTOR systems allow the physical and occupational therapist to report on and evaluate the patient’s functional rehabilitation progress. This allows the PT and OT to prescribe the correct customized and motivating intensive exercise practice to the manual rehabilitation therapy. Intensive repetition of movement is achieved through challenging games set to the patient’s ability. The system provides detailed exercise performance instructions and precise feedback on the patient’s efforts. Controlled exercise of multijoints within the normal movement pattern prevents the development of undesired and compensatory joint movement and ensures better performance of functional tasks. Telerehabilitation allows the recovering patient to continue his physical therapy at home. The system is used by many leading rehabilitation centers worldwide and has full FDA and CE certification.
See WWW.MEDITOUCH.CO.IL for more information.
What do the following have in common?
Rural areas, medical insurance companies, 200,000 patients, cardiac patients, mental health patients, neurological telehealthdisease patients, suicide prevention and oncology follow-up care. An unlikely group of terms? Not if you consider that all of these derive a benefit or support from TELEHEALTH. In this age of high technology many medical procedures and benefits can be accomplished remotely and with as much expertise as with a face to face encounter with a professional.
Today, telehealth is fast taking its place as a major aspect of healthcare and is understood more than ever before.
A child’s brain has a remarkable ability for reorganization. In other words even after a significant injury, uninjured parts of the brain can take over some or all of the function of the damaged parts. Neurons do not generally re-grow and therefore “plasticity” or reorganization is probably the major mechanism by which children improve or recover after a brain injury. It is likely that plasticity plays an important role in maximizing the child’s abilities even in progressive or degenerative diseases.
It is likely that plasticity mechanisms are significantly enhanced by appropriate exercise, although there is not yet conclusive evidence about that. Therefore schooling, physical therapy and occupational therapy are important not only to improve strength and teach skills, but to help the brain relearn and adapt to its injury as well. This may be particularly true with movement disorders, since a child can be able to learn alternative strategies for movement that utilize use of residual neurological and musculoskeletal function. At a minimum, by maintaining joint mobility and preventing muscle contracture, occupational and physical therapy preserve the ability for a child to use these muscles and joints in the future.
Evidence from research in humans and animals shows that the brain can adapt rapidly (even over a period of a few weeks) to changes in the use of limbs. In regards to childhood movement disorders common physical and occupational therapy aims at intensive exercise practice to train the appropriate use of limbs as soon as possible after the event. Thus intensive early and customized manual therapy will have long-term benefits and improve functional movement ability outcome. In addition early intensive training will postpone or prevent future worsening of symptoms.
When deciding how to administer the most efficient method of therapy it is important to use the physical therapy solution that can be customized to the patients movement ability even if this movement ability is badly impaired after the event. The TUTOR physical therapy products have now been used successfully in leading U.S. and European rehabilitation hospitals and clinics to administer intensive exercises to both adults and children who have limb movement disorders in both the acute and chronic phase post event. The HANDTUTOR, ARMTUTOR, LEGTUTOR and 3DTUTOR consist of ergonomically designed gloves and braces with sensors connected to sophisticated and challenging software that allow the patient to practice isolated and/or interjoint coordination exercises. The system then provides the therapist with the patient’s motor, sensory and cognitive progress. Subsequently a customized exercise program is formulated for that patient.
Fully certified by the FDA and CE the TUTORs are also available in the patient’s home through telerehabilitation.
See WWW.MEDITOUCH.CO.IL for further information.